PLASMA

Plasma physics

This program deals with thermonuclear fusion as a promising dominant source of energy. It combines the efforts of teams of three CTU faculties – FEE, FNSPE, and FME in experimental and theoretical research into hot plasma in which fusion reactions take place. It investigates the acceleration and loss mechanisms of high-energy electrons and ions and their effect on the destruction of reactor core wall material, methods of efficient fusion reactor wall cooling, new methods for optimizing tritium production, testing suitable targets for laser absorption and simulating plasma dynamics.

Reconstruction and improvement of two CTU experimental devices, z-pinch PFZ-200 and the GOLEM tokamak, including diagnostic equipment and the development of methods for use in other domestic (COMPASS, PALS, ELI) and foreign apparatuses are underway.

Potential applications include the development of neutron sources, the development of methods for generation and registration of energetic particles, contributions to the design of a suitable reactor chamber and the testing of resistant materials, gamma radiography and the production of short-lived radioisotopes.

 

Research activities will be performed in 8 domains/sub-programs:

A) Study of the Z-pinch as a powerful source of multi-MeV ions and neutrons (Daniel Klír)
B) Study of the evolution of organized structures in Z-pinches and their influence on the fast particles acceleration (Pavel Kubeš)
C) Mechanisms of acceleration and loss of energetic electrons, development of new diagnostic methods in tokamak devices (Jan Mlynář)
D) Practical ways of obtaining tritium for first tokamak fusion reactions (Radek Škoda)
E) Thermodynamics of fusion power stations and their cooling systems (Václav Dostál)
F) Sources of energetic particles from laser-plasma interaction, including development and testing of new advanced targets (Jan Pšíkal)
G) Laser-plasma interaction and absorption in inertial confinement fusion targets focused on alternative ignition concepts (Ondřej Klimo)
H) Hydrodynamic simulations of laser plasmas (Richard Liska)

COOPERATING ENTITIES
WITHIN THE PROGRAM

PROGRAM COORDINATOR

prof. RNDr. Pavel Kubeš, CSc.

news from the program

A member of the Scientific Council of the Centre of Advanced Applied Sciences (CAAS), Prof. Wolfgang Peter Schleich from the University of Ulm, Germany, was awarded an honorary doctorate (Dr. h. c.) of the Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU) at a ceremony of the Scientific Council on 5 October 2021 in Bethlehem Chapel. He was nominated by the Faculty of Nuclear and Physical Engineering of the CTU in Prague (FJFI) and awarded the doctorate was awarded by Prof. Igor Jex, Dean of FJFI and Director of CAAS. Together with Prof. Schleich, Prof. Stephen Mark Barnett also received his doctorate.
For his contribution to the development of mathematical methods used in quantum physics, Prof. Pavel Exner, Coordinator of the Theory Program at the Center for Advanced Applied Sciences (CAAS), has been elected and appointed as a Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in July 2021. Prof. Pavel Exner, an internationally renowned […]
Prof. Igor Jex, Director of CAAS project and Dean of the Faculty of Nuclear and Physical Engineering of CTU in Prague (FJFI), has been elected a member of The Academy of Europe (Academia Europaea). The Academy brings together scientific leaders from various fields of science, humanities and literature. It was founded in 1988 with the […]
The interaction between things and artists has the power to enrich all involved. This is why the PARTPHYS (Particle Physics) research programme of the Centre for Advanced Applied Science (CAAS) project has created a sub-programme Language for Science-Art-Public Communication. The process of preparation of the artefact and other activities within the sub-programme Language for Science-Art-Public Communication is also summarised in an electronic publication, which can be downloaded (pdf in Czech, 13 MB).
To demonstrate the so-called quantum supremacy of a quantum computer based on photons, Chinese scientists used a solution to a computational problem formulated at the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague (FNSPE). Specifically, the Gaussian Boson Sampling protocol, developed by Craig Hamilton and Igor Jex of the FNSPE and their partners, the group of Christine Silberhorn of the University of Paderborn (FRG). The research team of the Chinese University of Science and Technology published a report on the results on December 3, 2020 in the journal Science.