PLASMA

Plasma physics

This program deals with thermonuclear fusion as a promising dominant source of energy. It combines the efforts of teams of three CTU faculties – FEE, FNSPE, and FME in experimental and theoretical research into hot plasma in which fusion reactions take place. It investigates the acceleration and loss mechanisms of high-energy electrons and ions and their effect on the destruction of reactor core wall material, methods of efficient fusion reactor wall cooling, new methods for optimizing tritium production, testing suitable targets for laser absorption and simulating plasma dynamics.

Reconstruction and improvement of two CTU experimental devices, z-pinch PFZ-200 and the GOLEM tokamak, including diagnostic equipment and the development of methods for use in other domestic (COMPASS, PALS, ELI) and foreign apparatuses are underway.

Potential applications include the development of neutron sources, the development of methods for generation and registration of energetic particles, contributions to the design of a suitable reactor chamber and the testing of resistant materials, gamma radiography and the production of short-lived radioisotopes.

 

Research activities will be performed in 8 domains/sub-programs:

A) Study of the Z-pinch as a powerful source of multi-MeV ions and neutrons (Daniel Klír)
B) Study of the evolution of organized structures in Z-pinches and their influence on the fast particles acceleration (Pavel Kubeš)
C) Mechanisms of acceleration and loss of energetic electrons, development of new diagnostic methods in tokamak devices (Jan Mlynář)
D) Practical ways of obtaining tritium for first tokamak fusion reactions (Radek Škoda)
E) Thermodynamics of fusion power stations and their cooling systems (Václav Dostál)
F) Sources of energetic particles from laser-plasma interaction, including development and testing of new advanced targets (Jan Pšíkal)
G) Laser-plasma interaction and absorption in inertial confinement fusion targets focused on alternative ignition concepts (Ondřej Klimo)
H) Hydrodynamic simulations of laser plasmas (Richard Liska)

COOPERATING ENTITIES
WITHIN THE PROGRAM

PROGRAM COORDINATOR

prof. RNDr. Pavel Kubeš, CSc.

news from the program

Japanese Ambassador Hideo Suzuki invited Prof. Akiro Furusawa of the University of Tokyo to dinner in Prague, along with scientists and experts in quantum communication and representatives of the Czech government. One of the guests at the Japanese residence was Prof. Igor Jex from the Department of Physics of the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague (FNSPE). Prof. Akiro Furusawa is a leading Japanese expert in research in the field of quantum optics and quantum computing and ten years ago he collaborated on research with Palacký University in Olomouc. At the University of Tokyo, he heads Furusawa & Endo Labs.
What does a neutron star consist of? No one knows exactly yet, but particle physicists are working to find out. In a public lecture, Laura Fabbietti, professor of nuclear physics at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), will shed light on this endeavour. Register online and you can see the lecture for yourself on Tuesday, June 28, 2022 at 6:00 pm at the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague (FNSPE).
An overview of trends in quantum theory will be presented by scientists at the week-long event Workshop on Modern Trends in Quantum Theory, which starts on Monday May 23, 2022 at the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague (FNSPE). Lectures have been promised by leading figures in the field from European and even more distant universities, such as Prof. Stephen M. Barnett from the University of Glasgow, Prof. Rafael Benguria from Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and others.
Prof. Pavel Exner has been elected a member of the Mathematical Section of the European Academy of Sciences (EurASc). This non-governmental, non-profit and independent organisation brings together almost a thousand scientists working in Europe, including ten from the Czech Republic. Professor Pavel Exner, an internationally renowned theoretician and specialist in mathematical physics, is the Director of the Doppler Institute for Mathematical Physics and Applied Mathematics (a joint facility of the FNSPE, the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences and the University of Hradec Králové).
A dance-like visual tribute to quantum physics called Color Force was presented to attendees of the Centre of Advanced Applied Sciences (CAAS) gala assembly at the Ark Theatre. A recording of the performance is now available online. As well as a short clip of the entire afternoon and evening. The programme was introduced by Prof. Igor Jex, Director of CAAS, and Assoc. Jaroslav Bielčík, who is the head of the Particle Physics Research Program (PARTPHYS) within CAAS. One of his outputs is the dance performance of Color Force. It was created within the framework of the Language in Communication between Science, Art and the Public sub-programme led by Roman Berka, Director of the Institute of Intermedia at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague.