Plasma physics (PLASMA)

Program coordinator: prof. RNDr. Pavel Kubeš, CSc.

This program deals with thermonuclear fusion as a promising dominant source of energy. It combines the efforts of teams of three CTU faculties – FEE, FNSPE, and FME in experimental and theoretical research into hot plasma in which fusion reactions take place. It investigates the acceleration and loss mechanisms of high-energy electrons and ions and their effect on the destruction of reactor core wall material, methods of efficient fusion reactor wall cooling, new methods for optimizing tritium production, testing suitable targets for laser absorption and simulating plasma dynamics.

Reconstruction and improvement of two CTU experimental devices, z-pinch PFZ-200 and the GOLEM tokamak, including diagnostic equipment and the development of methods for use in other domestic (COMPASS, PALS, ELI) and foreign apparatuses are underway.

Potential applications include the development of neutron sources, the development of methods for generation and registration of energetic particles, contributions to the design of a suitable reactor chamber and the testing of resistant materials, gamma radiography and the production of short-lived radioisotopes.

 

Research activities will be performed in 8 domains/sub-programs:

A) Study of the Z-pinch as a powerful source of multi-MeV ions and neutrons (Daniel Klír)
B) Study of the evolution of organized structures in Z-pinches and their influence on the fast particles acceleration (Pavel Kubeš)
C) Mechanisms of acceleration and loss of energetic electrons, development of new diagnostic methods in tokamak devices (Jan Mlynář)
D) Practical ways of obtaining tritium for first tokamak fusion reactions (Radek Škoda)
E) Thermodynamics of fusion power stations and their cooling systems (Václav Dostál)
F) Sources of energetic particles from laser-plasma interaction, including development and testing of new advanced targets (Jan Pšíkal)
G) Laser-plasma interaction and absorption in inertial confinement fusion targets focused on alternative ignition concepts (Ondřej Klimo)
H) Hydrodynamic simulations of laser plasmas (Richard Liska)

CTU Rector’s Award for doc. Libor Šnobl from the THEORY research program

The Rector's of the Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU) Award for outstanding scientific achievement was given to doc. Ing. Libor Šnobl, Ph.D., from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, CTU in Prague (FNSPE) together with Antonelle...

Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering provides a good start to a career

Scientists, top managers, programmers, high-ranking civil servants, but also specialists in hospitals and various other workplaces – those are the jobs of graduates from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in...

Quantum computers rears its head; the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering knows why

At the end of October 2019, Google (through an article in Nature) announced that it had reached the so-called quantum superiority, the moment when a quantum computer works much faster than a supercomputer of classical architecture. Virtually all the media brought the...

Particles connect physicists, artists, and technicians

Particle physics, technicians, and artists have been interconnected within one of the sub-programs of the PARTPHYS research program, which focuses on particle and nuclear physics as part of the Center of Advanced Applied Sciences project (CAAS). The subprogram called...

A representative of the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering will help to drive the research into quantum technologies

The Dean of the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague (FNSPE) and project director of the Center for Advanced Applied Sciences (CAAS) prof. Ing. Igor Jex, DrSc., became a member of the Strategic Advisory Board...

List of publications

An up-to-date list of all publications published within the research program PLASMA.