PLASMA

Plasma physics

This program deals with thermonuclear fusion as a promising dominant source of energy. It combines the efforts of teams of three CTU faculties – FEE, FNSPE, and FME in experimental and theoretical research into hot plasma in which fusion reactions take place. It investigates the acceleration and loss mechanisms of high-energy electrons and ions and their effect on the destruction of reactor core wall material, methods of efficient fusion reactor wall cooling, new methods for optimizing tritium production, testing suitable targets for laser absorption and simulating plasma dynamics.

Reconstruction and improvement of two CTU experimental devices, z-pinch PFZ-200 and the GOLEM tokamak, including diagnostic equipment and the development of methods for use in other domestic (COMPASS, PALS, ELI) and foreign apparatuses are underway.

Potential applications include the development of neutron sources, the development of methods for generation and registration of energetic particles, contributions to the design of a suitable reactor chamber and the testing of resistant materials, gamma radiography and the production of short-lived radioisotopes.

 

Research activities will be performed in 8 domains/sub-programs:

A) Study of the Z-pinch as a powerful source of multi-MeV ions and neutrons (Daniel Klír)
B) Study of the evolution of organized structures in Z-pinches and their influence on the fast particles acceleration (Pavel Kubeš)
C) Mechanisms of acceleration and loss of energetic electrons, development of new diagnostic methods in tokamak devices (Jan Mlynář)
D) Practical ways of obtaining tritium for first tokamak fusion reactions (Radek Škoda)
E) Thermodynamics of fusion power stations and their cooling systems (Václav Dostál)
F) Sources of energetic particles from laser-plasma interaction, including development and testing of new advanced targets (Jan Pšíkal)
G) Laser-plasma interaction and absorption in inertial confinement fusion targets focused on alternative ignition concepts (Ondřej Klimo)
H) Hydrodynamic simulations of laser plasmas (Richard Liska)

COOPERATING ENTITIES
WITHIN THE PROGRAM

PROGRAM COORDINATOR

prof. RNDr. Pavel Kubeš, CSc.

news from the program

An overview of trends in quantum theory will be presented by scientists at the week-long event Workshop on Modern Trends in Quantum Theory, which starts on Monday May 23, 2022 at the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague (FNSPE). Lectures have been promised by leading figures in the field from European and even more distant universities, such as Prof. Stephen M. Barnett from the University of Glasgow, Prof. Rafael Benguria from Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and others.
Prof. Pavel Exner has been elected a member of the Mathematical Section of the European Academy of Sciences (EurASc). This non-governmental, non-profit and independent organisation brings together almost a thousand scientists working in Europe, including ten from the Czech Republic. Professor Pavel Exner, an internationally renowned theoretician and specialist in mathematical physics, is the Director of the Doppler Institute for Mathematical Physics and Applied Mathematics (a joint facility of the FNSPE, the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences and the University of Hradec Králové).
A dance-like visual tribute to quantum physics called Color Force was presented to attendees of the Centre of Advanced Applied Sciences (CAAS) gala assembly at the Ark Theatre. A recording of the performance is now available online. As well as a short clip of the entire afternoon and evening. The programme was introduced by Prof. Igor Jex, Director of CAAS, and Assoc. Jaroslav Bielčík, who is the head of the Particle Physics Research Program (PARTPHYS) within CAAS. One of his outputs is the dance performance of Color Force. It was created within the framework of the Language in Communication between Science, Art and the Public sub-programme led by Roman Berka, Director of the Institute of Intermedia at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague.
A member of the Scientific Council of the Centre of Advanced Applied Sciences (CAAS), Prof. Wolfgang Peter Schleich from the University of Ulm, Germany, was awarded an honorary doctorate (Dr. h. c.) of the Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU) at a ceremony of the Scientific Council on 5 October 2021 in Bethlehem Chapel. He was nominated by the Faculty of Nuclear and Physical Engineering of the CTU in Prague (FJFI) and awarded the doctorate was awarded by Prof. Igor Jex, Dean of FJFI and Director of CAAS. Together with Prof. Schleich, Prof. Stephen Mark Barnett also received his doctorate.
For his contribution to the development of mathematical methods used in quantum physics, Prof. Pavel Exner, Coordinator of the Theory Program at the Center for Advanced Applied Sciences (CAAS), has been elected and appointed as a Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in July 2021. Prof. Pavel Exner, an internationally renowned […]