PLASMA

Plasma physics

This program deals with thermonuclear fusion as a promising dominant source of energy. It combines the efforts of teams of three CTU faculties – FEE, FNSPE, and FME in experimental and theoretical research into hot plasma in which fusion reactions take place. It investigates the acceleration and loss mechanisms of high-energy electrons and ions and their effect on the destruction of reactor core wall material, methods of efficient fusion reactor wall cooling, new methods for optimizing tritium production, testing suitable targets for laser absorption and simulating plasma dynamics.

Reconstruction and improvement of two CTU experimental devices, z-pinch PFZ-200 and the GOLEM tokamak, including diagnostic equipment and the development of methods for use in other domestic (COMPASS, PALS, ELI) and foreign apparatuses are underway.

Potential applications include the development of neutron sources, the development of methods for generation and registration of energetic particles, contributions to the design of a suitable reactor chamber and the testing of resistant materials, gamma radiography and the production of short-lived radioisotopes.

 

Research activities will be performed in 8 domains/sub-programs:

A) Study of the Z-pinch as a powerful source of multi-MeV ions and neutrons (Daniel Klír)
B) Study of the evolution of organized structures in Z-pinches and their influence on the fast particles acceleration (Pavel Kubeš)
C) Mechanisms of acceleration and loss of energetic electrons, development of new diagnostic methods in tokamak devices (Jan Mlynář)
D) Practical ways of obtaining tritium for first tokamak fusion reactions (Radek Škoda)
E) Thermodynamics of fusion power stations and their cooling systems (Václav Dostál)
F) Sources of energetic particles from laser-plasma interaction, including development and testing of new advanced targets (Jan Pšíkal)
G) Laser-plasma interaction and absorption in inertial confinement fusion targets focused on alternative ignition concepts (Ondřej Klimo)
H) Hydrodynamic simulations of laser plasmas (Richard Liska)

COOPERATING ENTITIES
WITHIN THE PROGRAM

PROGRAM COORDINATOR

prof. RNDr. Pavel Kubeš, CSc.

news from the program

The largest ICHEP2020 particle physics conference, which took place between July 28 and 6 August 2020, attracted over 3,000 particle physicists. Originally, the organizers expected that about a thousand of them would arrive in Prague, but due to the pandemic, the plans had to change and the conference moved to the online environment. In total, […]
CAAS: an Evening of Celebration on Thursday, October 8, 2020 from 7 p.m. in the Bethlehem Chapel (Betlémské nám. 255/4, Prague 1)
The Rector’s of the Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU) Award for outstanding scientific achievement was given to doc. Ing. Libor Šnobl, Ph.D., from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, CTU in Prague (FNSPE) together with Antonelle Marchesiello, Ph.D., from the Faculty of Information Technology, CTU in Prague (FIT). They collected the award […]
Scientists, top managers, programmers, high-ranking civil servants, but also specialists in hospitals and various other workplaces – those are the jobs of graduates from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague (FNSPE). The Faculty emphasizes its scientific focus and engages master’s degree students in research, but there […]
At the end of October 2019, Google (through an article in Nature) announced that it had reached the so-called quantum superiority, the moment when a quantum computer works much faster than a supercomputer of classical architecture. Virtually all the media brought the Google success story as well as the reaction of probably the biggest competitor […]